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雅思语法词汇常用动词替换

来源:新航道 发布日期:2017-08-08 14:08

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雅思语法词汇常用动词替换

在教授雅思语法词汇等基础课程的过程中,我发现相当一部分学生总是只习惯性用自己最熟悉的单词来早各种不同情况的句子,殊不知这样就会影响到整个句子的表达并且不管是用说的还是用写的都不是很贴切也显示不了任何文采,所以我就把几个常用动词的替换总结了一下,虽然只是冰山一角,但求发挥抛砖引用的功效。

动词替换:

1.improve提高

promote 促进 提升

promote the trade between country A and country B

He was promoted to senior manager in the company.

Advance 提升 发展

Our understanding of human genetics has considerably advanced. 对遗传学的认识理解相当地(well)发展/前进。

Enhance 加强 提高

The publicity has enhanced his reputation.

Reinforce 强化 加强

Reinforce the interference of the authority and its ability of macroeconomic control 加强政府的干预和宏观调控能力

2.change改变

transform 指改头换面完全改变 不是slight change

The increasing population has transformed the landscape and structure of local industry. 人口剧增改变了小镇的景色以及当地的工业结构。

3.emphasize强调 并不是一定会让别人注意到强调的重点

highlight 类似老师勾重点让学生更清楚

The report highlights the decline in the number of native/local plants and insects.

To highlight/emphasize the significance/magnitude of sth

强调……的重要性

stress

He stresses the need/necessity for parents to listen to their children carefully.

Accentuate

The crisis accentuates the gap between rich and poor.

4.Develop培养

Cultivate

Cultivate the ability of … 一般都是培养情操(sentiment)

Cultivate a more relaxed and positive waytowards life

Nurture 养育/同样可以指培养人才(talents)

The sea nurtures ample marine animals.

5.break破坏

Impair

Impair one’s ability 主要指破坏能力 切忌乱用

Undermine 抽象意义上的破坏 有削弱之意 重点在于循序渐进的过程

Undermine one’sability/confidence/authority/position/credibility

Jeopardize 也不可乱用,破坏的东西要上一定的等级才能配上此词

Jeopardize the process of peace 破坏和平进程

Devastate 特指毁灭 蹂躏

The earthquake devastated the whole city.

6.keep保存

preserve/conserve + natural resources 自然资源等保护

不可以换用protect+(具体的一些东西或人)

7.dealwith 解决

tackle + the problem/matter

resolve 相对正式些

resolve dispute 争论/conflict冲突/problem/issue/crisis

8.need需要

require 需要要求命令

sth requires our courage and confidence

success usually requires hard work.

 

necessitate 使……成为必须需要迫使

his apathy(indifference) necessitates stimulation.

=it is necessary to stimulate his apathy.

被动:e was necessitated to leave Europe for the U.S..

call for 需要要求提倡

To be a nurse calls for endurance and patience.

This good news calls for a celebration.